NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
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Xuan Jiang

The Ohio State University
1945 N High St
Columbus, OH 43210

E-Mail: EmailAddress: hidden: you can email any NBER-related person as first underscore last at nber dot org
Institutional Affiliation: The Ohio State University

NBER Working Papers and Publications

May 2020Determinants of Disparities in Covid-19 Job Losses
with Laura Montenovo, Felipe Lozano Rojas, Ian M. Schmutte, Kosali I. Simon, Bruce A. Weinberg, Coady Wing: w27132
We make several contributions to understanding how the COVID-19 epidemic and policy responses have affected U.S. labor markets, benchmarked against two previous recessions. First, monthly Current Population Survey (CPS) data show greater declines in employment in April 2020 (relative to February) for Hispanics, workers aged 20 to 24, and those with high school degrees and some college. Second, we show that job loss was larger in occupations that require more interpersonal contact and that cannot be performed remotely. Pre-epidemic sorting into occupations with more potential for remote work and industries that are currently essential explain a large share of gaps in recent unemployment for key racial, ethnic, age, and education sub-populations. However, there is a larger unexplained compon...
Is the Cure Worse than the Problem Itself? Immediate Labor Market Effects of COVID-19 Case Rates and School Closures in the U.S.
with Felipe Lozano Rojas, Laura Montenovo, Kosali I. Simon, Bruce A. Weinberg, Coady Wing: w27127
The relationship between population health and measures of economic well-being and economic activity is a long standing topic in health economics (Preston, 1975; Cutler, Deaton, and Lleras-Muney, 2006; Ruhm, 2000). The conceptual issues in analyzing the complicated link between health and economic well-being are central to understanding the implications of the COVID-19 epidemic in the United States The public health shock of the epidemic has direct economic impacts, but the mitigation policies governments are using to control the spread of the virus may also damage economic activity. We estimate how state job market conditions respond to state COVID-19 infections and school closures, which are the earliest of the major mitigation policies. Mitigation policies and local epidemiological cond...
 
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