NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
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Simen Markussen

Ragnar Frisch Centre for Economic Research
Gaustadalléen 21, 0349 Oslo
Norway

E-Mail: simen.markussen@frisch.uio.no
Institutional Affiliation: Ragnar Frisch Centre for Economic Research

NBER Working Papers and Publications

May 2015Mothers' Employment and Children's Educational Gender Gap
with Xiaodong Fan, Hanming Fang: w21183
This paper analyzes the connection between two concurrent trends since 1950: the narrowing and reversal of the educational gender gap and the increased labor force participation rate (LFPR) of married women. We hypothesize that the education production for boys is more adversely affected by a decrease in the mother's time input as a result of increasing employment. Therefore, an increase in the labor force participation rate of married women may narrow and even reverse the educational gender gap in the following generation. We use micro data from the Norwegian registry to directly show that the mother's employment during her children's childhood has an asymmetric effect on the educational achievement of her own sons and daughters. We also document a positive correlation between the educati...
 
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