Qin Gao

Fordham University
Graduate School of Social Service
113 West 60th Street
New York, New York-10023
Tel: 212-636-6638
Fax: 212-636-7876

E-Mail: EmailAddress: hidden: you can email any NBER-related person as first underscore last at nber dot org
Institutional Affiliation: Fordham University

NBER Working Papers and Publications

April 2011Food Stamp Program and Consumption Choices
with Neeraj Kaushal
in Economic Aspects of Obesity, Michael Grossman and Naci H. Mocan, editors
May 2009Food Stamp Program and Consumption Choices
with Neeraj Kaushal: w14988
We study the effect of the Food Stamp Program (FSP) on consumption patterns in families headed by low-educated single mothers in the U.S. using the Consumer Expenditure Surveys for 1994-2004. Our analysis suggests that the food stamp caseload does not have any statistically significant association with per capita expenditure on food in families headed by low-educated single mothers. We find that state and federal welfare reforms during the 1990s lowered the food stamp caseload by approximately 18 percent and the introduction of the Electronic Benefit Transfer cards and simplified reporting procedures for recertification of food stamps increased participation by about seven percent. However, we do not find any evidence that these policies had any effect on total food expenditure, nor do w...
October 2006Welfare Reform and Family Expenditures: How are Single Mothers Adapting to the New Welfare and Work Regime?
with Neeraj Kaushal, Jane Waldfogel: w12624
We study the effect of welfare reform, broadly defined to include social policy changes in the 1990s, on the material well-being and expenditure patterns of poor single-mother families. Our research suggests that welfare reform did not affect total expenditures in households headed by low-educated single mothers. However, patterns of expenditure did change. We find strong evidence that the policy was associated with an increase in spending on transportation and food away from home, and some evidence of an increase in spending on adult clothing and footwear. In contrast, we find no statistically significant changes in expenditures on childcare or learning and enrichment activities. This pattern of results suggests that welfare reform has shifted family expenditures towards items that ...

Published: Kaushal, N., Q. Gao & J. Waldfogel. "Welfare reform and family expenditures: How are single mothers adapting to the new welfare and work regime?" Social Service Review Vol. 81, No. 3, September 2007. pp 369-396.

NBER Videos

National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email:

Contact Us