NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
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Patricia Funk

Università della Svizzera Italiana
Via Giuseppe Buffi 13
6904 Lugano
Switzerland

E-Mail: patricia.funk@usi.ch
Institutional Affiliation: Università della Svizzera Italiana

NBER Working Papers and Publications

June 2019Are Referees and Editors in Economics Gender Neutral?
with David Card, Stefano DellaVigna, Nagore Iriberri: w25967
We study the role of gender in the evaluation of economic research using submissions to four leading journals. We find that referee gender has no effect on the relative assessment of female- versus male-authored papers, suggesting that any differential biases of male referees are negligible. To determine whether referees as a whole impose different standards for female authors, we compare citations for female and male-authored papers, holding constant referee evaluations and other characteristics. We find that female-authored papers receive about 25% more citations than observably similar male-authored papers. Editors largely follow the referees, resulting in a 6 percentage point lower probability of a revise and resubmit verdict for female-authored papers relative to a citation-maximizing...
June 2017Polls, the Press, and Political Participation: The Effects of Anticipated Election Closeness on Voter Turnout
with Leonardo Bursztyn, Davide Cantoni, Noam Yuchtman: w23490
Models of voting, including the canonical rational voter model, predict that voters are more likely to turn out when they anticipate a closer election. Yet, evidence of a causal effect of anticipated election closeness on voter turnout is limited. We exploit naturally occurring variation in the existence, closeness, and dissemination of pre-election polls to identify a causal effect of anticipated election closeness on voter turnout in Swiss referenda. Closer elections are associated with greater turnout only when polls exist. Examining within-election variation in newspaper reporting on polls across cantons, we find that close polls increase turnout significantly more where newspapers report on them most. This holds examining only “incidental” exposure to coverage by periodicals whose lar...
 
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