Jozef Konings

Department of Economics
University of Leuven
Naamsestraat 69
3000 Leuven

Institutional Affiliations: University of Leuven and National Bank of Belgium

NBER Working Papers and Publications

March 2016International Shocks and Domestic Prices: How Large Are Strategic Complementarities?
with Mary Amiti, Oleg Itskhoki: w22119
How strong are strategic complementarities in price setting across firms? In this paper, we provide a direct empirical estimate of firm price responses to changes in prices of their competitors. We develop a general framework and an empirical identification strategy to estimate the elasticities of a firm’s price response to both its own cost shocks and to the price changes of its competitors. Our approach takes advantage of a new micro-level dataset for the Belgian manufacturing sector, which contains detailed information on firm domestic prices, marginal costs, and competitor prices. The rare features of these data enable us to construct instrumental variables to address the simultaneity of price setting by competing firms. We find strong evidence of strategic complementarities, with a ty...

Published: Review of Economic Studies, November 2019, 86(6): 2356–2402

December 2012Importers, Exporters, and Exchange Rate Disconnect
with Mary Amiti, Oleg Itskhoki: w18615
Large exporters are simultaneously large importers. In this paper, we show that this pattern is key to understanding low aggregate exchange rate pass-through as well as the variation in pass-through across exporters. First, we develop a theoretical framework that combines variable markups due to strategic complementarities and endogenous choice to import intermediate inputs. The model predicts that firms with high import shares and high market shares have low exchange rate pass-through. Second, we test and quantify the theoretical mechanisms using Belgian firm-product-level data with information on exports by destination and imports by source country. We confirm that import intensity and market share are the prime determinants of pass-through in the cross-section of firms. A small exporter...

Published: Mary Amiti & Oleg Itskhoki & Jozef Konings, 2014. "Importers, Exporters, and Exchange Rate Disconnect," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 104(7), pages 1942-78, July. citation courtesy of

September 1999Import Diversion under European Antidumping Policy
with Hylke Vandenbussche, Linda Springael: w7340
This paper is the first to study empirically the effects of European antidumping actions on import diversion from importers 'named' in an antidumping investigation, and potentially subject to protectionist measures, to countries not named' in the investigation. For this purpose we use a unique data set at the 8-digit product level. The amount of import diversion can be regarded as an indication of the effectiveness of antidumping policy which is used to protect the home industry from foreign imports. We find that -- in contrast to the US -- trade diversion in the European Union caused by antidumping actions is rather limited. This result holds even after controlling for selection-bias in the antidumping investigation procedure. We offer a number of explanations for the difference betw...

Published: Konings, Jozef, Hylke Vandenbussche, and Linda Springael. "Import Diversion under European Antidumping Policy." Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade 1, 3 (September 2001): 283-299. citation courtesy of

NBER Videos

National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email:

Contact Us