Department of Economics
521 Evans Hall #3880
Berkeley, CA 94720
Institutional Affiliation: Urban-Brookings Tax Policy Center
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|July 2005||The Effects of Taxes on Market Responses to Dividend Announcements and Payments: What Can we Learn from the 2003 Dividend Tax Cut?|
with Raj Chetty, Emmanuel Saez: w11452
This paper investigates the effects of capital gains and dividend taxes on excess returns around announcements of dividend increases and ex-dividend days for U.S. corporations. Consistent with standard no-arbitrage conditions, we find that the ex-dividend day premium increased from 2002 to 2004 when the dividend tax rate was cut. Consistent with the signalling theory of dividends, we also find that the excess return for dividend increase announcements went down from 2002 to 2004. However, these findings are very sensitive to the years chosen for the pre-reform control period. Semi-parametric graphical analysis using data since 1962 shows that the relationship between tax rates and ex-day and announcement day premia is very fragile and sensitive to sample period choices. Strong year-to-year...
Published: Auerbach, A., J. Hines, and J. Slemrod (eds.) Taxing Corporate Income in the 21st Century. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.