NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
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Byungkyu Lee

Department of Sociology
Indiana University
Bloomington, IN 47405

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Institutional Affiliation: Indiana University

NBER Working Papers and Publications

April 2020Tracking Public and Private Responses to the COVID-19 Epidemic: Evidence from State and Local Government Actions
with Sumedha Gupta, Thuy D. Nguyen, Felipe Lozano Rojas, Shyam Raman, Ana Bento, Kosali I. Simon, Coady Wing: w27027
This paper examines the determinants of social distancing during the COVID-19 epidemic. We classify state and local government actions, and we study multiple proxies for social distancing based on data from smart devices. Mobility fell substantially in all states, even ones that have not adopted major distancing mandates. There is little evidence, for example, that stay-at-home mandates induced distancing. In contrast, early and information-focused actions have had bigger effects. Event studies show that first case announcements, emergency declarations, and school closures reduced mobility by 1-5% after 5 days and 7-45% after 20 days. Between March 1 and April 11, average time spent at home grew from 9.1 hours to 13.9 hours. We find, for example, that without state emergency declarations, ...
August 2014Does the Gender of Offspring Affect Parental Political Orientation?
with Dalton Conley: w20384
Recently, the sex of child has been widely used as a natural experiment and shown to induce change of the allegedly stable political predisposition, however, prior results have been contradictory: in the U.K., researchers found that having daughters leads to parents favoring left-wing political parties and to holding more liberal views on family/gender roles, whereas in the U.S. scholars found that daughters were associated with more Republican (rightist) party identification and more conservative views on teen sexuality. Here, we utilize data from the General Social Survey and the European Social Survey to test the robustness of effects of offspring sex on parental political orientation while factoring out country and period differences. In analysis of 36 countries, we obtain null effects...

Published: Byungkyu Lee & Dalton Conley, 2016. "Does the Gender of Offspring Affect Parental Political Orientation?," Social Forces, vol 94(3), pages 1103-1127.

 
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